The Øresund Tunnel forms part of the Øresund Link that connects the cities of Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden across the Øresund.
europeThe Link, which comprises a motorway and a railway, consists of three different construction elements:
- A man-made peninsula adjacent to Copenhagen airport (Kastrup) and a 4 km long man-made island (called Peberholm) located roughly in the middle of the Øresund;
- The world’s longest immersed tunnel of 3,520 meters, positioned between the peninsula and Peberholm;
- A bridge of 7.8 km length between the artificial island and the Swedish coast near Malmö.
The decision to construct the Link was taken by the Danish and Swedish governments after lengthy discussions, mainly about the environmental aspects of the works. The Link was built under design & construct contracts, and is operated by Øresundkonsortiet who charge a toll. The opening of the Link took place in 2000.